TIS Style Sheet

TIS follows a modified Chicago Manual of Style guide, using in-text citations, footnotes, and works cited.

General Style

  1. Section headers, if used, should simply be phrases with no numbers. Please restrict headers to 4 or 5 per essay. They may be italicized. Only capitalize the first word of each section, except for proper nouns.
  2. Possessive of names ending in "s" should take the form of "Yeats's"
  3. Please avoid inappropriately gendered language, finding locutions as well that avoid awkward forms like "his/her" wherever possible.
  4. Set off any introductory phrase of 7 words or more with a comma, e.g., "Toward the end of World War II,..."
  5. Please provide translations of all non-English texts
  6. Strictly observe the word length indicated in the submission guidelines. If your manuscript exceeds this limit considerably, please contact the editors to determine how best to proceed.

Spelling and Punctuation

  1. Please use American spellings and punctuation, including:
    1. spellings in -ize, -or, etc.
    2. punctuation that includes a comma before and, or, or, in a series of 3 or more items (e.g., lexis, morphology, and syntax)
    3. commas to set off any preceding dependent clause of a complex sentence or to divide a compound sentence
    4. double quotes to enclose a quotation and single quotes to indicate a quote within a quote
    5. end quotes after punctuation (e.g., "to be done.")
    6. use minimal capitalization, e.g., "translation studies" or "the Roman Catholic church"
    7. use minimal hyphenation, e.g., "postcolonial"
    8. i.e. and e.g. should be followed by a comma


  1. Please do not justify the right margin of your manuscript. Leave a ragged right margin.
  2. Please double space everything, including quotations.
  3. Indicate a new paragraph with a single tab.
  4. Represent dashes as two hyphens, no spaces. e.g., "despite the difficulty--however great"

Quotations and Footnotes

  1. Footnotes should appear at the end of a full sentence, following the punctuation. Endnotes should not be used.
  2. Quotations longer than four lines should be offset as a blockquote
  3. Quotations that exceed four lines that are not in English should provide an English translation directly following the quotation. Indicate if this is your own translation or if there is any additional emphasis that you have introduced. e.g., (Tymoczko 1999:28, my emphasis)


  1. In-text citations should be in the following form: (Tymoczko 1998: 28). A space precedes the page number.
  2. For multiple in-text citations, list these in alphabetical order. Multiple publications by teh same author will be separated by a comma, while different authors will be separated by a semicolon: (e.g., Angelelli 2001, 2004; Tymoczko 1998)
  3. The reference list should be in the following form:
    Tymoczko, Maria. 1999. Translation in the Postcolonial Context: Early Irish Literature in English Translation. Manchester: St. Jerome Publishing.
  4. Use a hanging indent, and do not offset the references with additional lines.
  5. Provide a translation of the titles of non-English works in square brackets directly following the title.

Figures, tables, and illustrations

  1. If your essay includes illustrations, tables, graphics, or figures that were not created in MS Word, please provide the original source files used ot create these images.
  2. If your article includes screenshots, images, or graphics, please provide these as separate files (minimum 300 dpi) along with a copy placed in the text approximately where you want these to appear.
  3. If there are screenshots, images, or graphics, please provide information or documentation that you have obtained copyright permission to use these in your text.
  4. Avoid references that indicate where the figure appears in the text, as its location may change upon publication. For example, avoid constructions like "as seen in the above/below figure." Instead, reference the figure, table, graphic, or image by number. e.g., "in Figure 2."

Dates, numbers, and statistics

  1. Dates should be of the form "15 December 1998"
  2. Decades should be of the form "the 1980s"
  3. Spell out centuries: e.g., "eighteenth century"
  4. Date and page ranges should be separated by an en dash
  5. For empirical studies, report statistics using standard APA conventions
  6. Include the following information when reporting statistics, either in the body of the text, or in a table:
    1. Standard deviation (SD) and mean
    2. Significance levels
    3. Sample size
    4. Follow conventions for additional reporting information based on the type of inferential or descriptive statistics used (e.g., degrees of freedom, t-statistic, F statistic, etc.)
  7. Standard abbreviations should be those used by APA

Additional Information

All submissions should include the following additional information:

  1. Professional mailing address for each author
  2. A short (125 words or less) bio of each author
  3. A list of keywords (no more than 6)
  4. An abstract of the article (max 125 words)
  5. Professional e-mail address for each author
  6. ORCID number (if applicable)